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21st World Congress on Materials Science and Engineering, will be organized around the theme “Covid-19 Effect On Innovative Methodology and Modern Advances in Materials Science & Engineering”

Materials Congress-2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Materials Congress-2020

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Materials Science and Engineering is an acclaimed scientific discipline, expanding in recent decades to surround polymers, ceramics, glass, composite materials and biomaterials. Materials science and engineering, involves the discovery and design of new materials.  Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limitations of the materials that are available and, as a result, major breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly. Materials scientists lay stress on understanding how the history of a material influences its structure, and thus its properties and performance. All engineered products from airplanes to musical instruments, alternative energy sources related to ecologically-friendly manufacturing processes, medical devices to artificial tissues, computer chips to data storage devices and many more are made from materials.  In fact, all new and altered materials are often at the heart of product innovation in highly diverse applications. The global market is projected to reach $6,000 million by 2020 and lodge a CAGR of 10.2% between 2015 and 2020 in terms of worth. The North American region remains the largest market, accompanied by Asia-Pacific. The Europe market is estimated to be growth at a steady rate due to economic redeem in the region along with the expanding concern for the building insulation and energy savings.


  • Track 1-1 Computational materials science
  • Track 1-2 Polymeric biomaterials
  • Track 1-3 Scientific and business achivements
  • Track 1-4 Fiber, films and membranes
  • Track 1-5 Biomimetic materials
  • Track 1-6Coatings, surfaces snd membranes
  • Track 1-7 Carbon nano structures and devices
  • Track 1-8 Graphene
  • Track 1-9Products and services
  • Track 1-10 Teaching and technology transfer in materials science
  • Track 1-11Global materials science market
  • Track 1-12 Modern materials need
  • Track 1-13 Research support
  • Track 1-14 Platform for comprehensive projects
  • Track 1-15 Emerging materials and applications
  • Track 1-16 Tribology
  • Track 1-17Forensic engineering
  • Track 1-18 Engineering apllications of materials
  • Track 1-19 Electromagnetic radiation

Biomaterials from healthcare viewpoint can be defined as materials those possess some novel properties that makes them appropriate to come in immediate association with the living tissue without eliciting any adverse immune rejection reactions. Biomaterials are in the service of mankind through ancient times but subsequent evolution has made them more versatile and has increased their usage. Biomaterials have transformed the areas like bioengineering and tissue engineering for the development of strategies to counter life threatening diseases.  These concepts and technologies are being used for the treatment of different diseases like cardiac failure, fractures, deep skin injuries, etc.  Research is being performed to improve the existing methods and for the innovation of new approaches. With the current progress in biomaterials we can expect a future healthcare which will be economically feasible to us. Equipment and consumables was worth US$ 47.7 billion in 2014 and is further expected to reach US$ 55.5 billion in 2020 with a CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 3%. The dental equipment is the fastest growing market due to continuous technological innovations. The overall market is driven by increasing demand for professional dental services and growing consumer awareness. The major players in the Global Dental market are 3M ESPE, Danaher Corporation, Biolase Inc., Carestream Health Inc., GC Corporation, Straumann, Patterson Companies Inc., Sirona Dental Systems Inc., Planmeca Oy, DENTSPLY International Inc. A-Dec Inc.


  • Track 2-1 Soft and Biological Matter
  • Track 2-2 Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles
  • Track 2-3 Biomimetic materials
  • Track 2-4 3D printing of organs and tissue
  • Track 2-5 Biomedical devices
  • Track 2-6 Biomedical devices
  • Track 2-7Bioinspired materials
  • Track 2-8Drug delivery systems
  • Track 2-9Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine
  • Track 2-10Biomaterials imaging
  • Track 2-11Drug delivery systems
  • Track 2-12Biopolymers and bioplastics
  • Track 2-13Friction, wear and fatigue in biomaterials
  • Track 2-14 Hard and soft tissues
  • Track 2-15 Surfaces and interfaces of biomaterials
  • Track 2-16Body implants and prosthesis
  • Track 2-17 Radiotherapy
  • Track 2-18 Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration

Nanotechnology is the handling of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.  The interesting aspect about nanotechnology is that the properties of many materials alter when the size scale of their dimensions approaches nanometers. Materials scientists and engineers work to understand those property changes and utilize them in the processing and manufacture of materials at the nanoscale level. The field of materials science covers the discovery, characterization, properties, and use of nanoscale materials. Nanomaterials research takes a materials science-based approach to nanotechnology, influencing advances in materials metrology and synthesis which have been developed in support of microfabrication research. Materials with structure at the nanoscale level o have unique optical, electronic, or mechanical properties. Although much of nanotechnology's potential still remains un-utilized, investment in the field is booming. The U.S. government distributed more than a billion dollars to nanotechnology research in 2005 to find new developments in nanotechnology. China, Japan and the European Union have spent similar amounts. The hopes are the same on all fronts: to push oneself off a surface on a growing global market that the National Science Foundation estimates will be worth a trillion dollars. The global market for activated carbon totaled $1.9 billion, in 2013, driven primarily by Asia-Pacific and North American region for applications in water treatment and air purification.

  • Track 3-1 Nanobiotechnology
  • Track 3-2 Cancer nanotechnology
  • Track 3-3 Nano and microfibrillated cellulose
  • Track 3-4 Micro, nano and bio fluidics
  • Track 3-5 Environmental health and safety of nanomaterials
  • Track 3-6 Nanotechnology startups
  • Track 3-7 Nano-Alloys
  • Track 3-8 Nano/Meso-Structured Carbon Materials
  • Track 3-9Inorganic Analogues to Graphene
  • Track 3-10 Medical nanotechnology
  • Track 3-11 Nanophotonics
  • Track 3-12Nano and Biomaterials
  • Track 3-13Synthesis of nanomaterials and properties
  • Track 3-14 Graphene
  • Track 3-15Thin Films, nanotubes and nanowires
  • Track 3-16Nanofibers, nanorods, nanopowders and nanobelts
  • Track 3-17 Carbon nano structures and devices
  • Track 3-18 Coatings, surfaces snd membranes
  • Track 3-19 Nanoelectronics
  • Track 3-20 Nanostructured Materials

Different geophysical and social pressures are providing a shift from conventional fossil fuels to renewable and sustainable energy sources.We must create the materials that will support emergent energy technologiesSolar energy is a top priority of the department, and we are devoting extensive resources to developing photovoltaic cells that are both more efficient and less costly than current technology. We also have extensive research around next-generation battery technology. Materials performance lies at the heart of the development and optimization of green energy technologies and computational methods now plays a major role in modeling and predicting the properties of complex materials. The global market for supercapacitor is expected to grow from $1.8 billion in 2014 to $2.0 billion in 2015 at a year-on-year (YOY) growth rate of 9.2%. In addition, the market is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 19.1%, to reach $4.8 billion in 2020. The competition in the global super capacitor market is intense within a few large players, such as, AVX Corp., Axion Power International, Inc., Beijing HCC Energy Tech. Co., Ltd., CAP-XX, Elna Co. Ltd., Elton, Graphene Laboratories INC., Jianghai Capacitor Co., Ltd, Jiangsu Shuangdeng Group Co., Ltd., Jinzhou Kaimei Power Co., Ltd, KEMET, LS MTRON, Maxwell Technologies INC., Nesscap Energy Inc., Nippon Chemi-Con Corp., Panasonic Co., Ltd., Shanghai Aowei Technology Development Co., Ltd., Skeleton Technologies, Supreme Power Systems Co., Ltd., XG Sciences.


  • Track 4-1 Materials for Hydrogen Production, Storage and Fuel Cells
  • Track 4-2Advances on Biofuels—Materials, Characterization, Processing and Testing
  • Track 4-3Materials and Technologies for Energy Conversion, Saving and Storage (MATECSS)
  • Track 4-4Hybrid Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion
  • Track 4-5Advanced Polymer Photochemistry—From Fundamental Science to Material Technology
  • Track 4-6Photovoltaics, Solar Energy Materials and Technologies
  • Track 4-7Advances in Electrochemical Energy Storage
  • Track 4-8Raw materials of Automobiles

The primeval ceramics made by humans were pottery objects, including 27,000-year-old figurines, made from clay, either by itself or blended with other materials like silica, hardened, sintered, in fire. Later ceramics were glazed and fired to produce smooth, colored surfaces, decreasing porosity through the use of glassy, amorphous ceramic coatings on top of the crystalline ceramic substrates. Ceramics currently include domestic, industrial and building products, as well as a broad range of ceramic art. In the 20th century, new ceramic materials were developed for use in advanced ceramic engineering, such as in semiconductors. Polymers are investigated in the fields of biophysics and macromolecular science, and polymer science (which encompass polymer chemistry and polymer physics). Historically, products arising from the linkage of repeating units by covalent chemical bonds have been the primary focus of polymer science; emerging important areas of the science currently focus on non-covalent links. Composite materials are generally used for buildings, bridges and structures like boat hulls, swimming pool panels, race car bodies, shower stalls, bathtubs, storage tanks, imitation granite and cultured marble sinks and counter tops. The most advanced examples perform routinely on spacecraft in demanding environments. Now standing at USD 296.2 billion, the ceramics market is forecast to grow to USD 502.8 billion by 2020, as every industry achieves upgraded manufacturing efficiency along with high renewable energy efficiency. As per the global market analysis, in 2014, the Composite materials industry is expected to generate revenue of approximately 156.12 billion U.S. dollars.


  • Track 5-1Processing, structure and properties of ceramics
  • Track 5-2Fabrication of new composites based on light metals, polymers & ceramics
  • Track 5-3Tribological performance of ceramics and composites
  • Track 5-4Industrial applications of composite materials
  • Track 5-5Composite materials in day-to-day life
  • Track 5-6Biocomposite materials
  • Track 5-7Glass science and technologies
  • Track 5-8Measurement of material properties and structural performance
  • Track 5-9Structural analysis and applications
  • Track 5-10Matrices & reinforcements for composites
  • Track 5-11Fabrication methods of composites
  • Track 5-12Advanced ceramics and glass for energy harvesting and storage
  • Track 5-13Performance in extreme environments
  • Track 5-14Ceramic coatings
  • Track 5-15Sintering process
  • Track 5-16Nanostructured ceramics
  • Track 5-17Thermal ceramics
  • Track 5-18Bioceramics and medical applications
  • Track 5-19The future of the ceramics industry
  • Track 5-20Global environmental issues and standards

Material science has a wider range of applications which includes ceramics, composites and polymer materials. Bonding in ceramics and glasses uses both covalent and ionic-covalent types with SiO2 as a basic building block. Ceramics are as soft as clay or as hard as stone and concrete. Usually, they are crystalline in form. Most glasses contain a metal oxide fused with silica. Applications range from structural elements such as steel-reinforced concrete, to the gorilla glass. Polymers are also an important part of materials science. Polymers are the raw materials which are used to make what we commonly call plastics.  Specialty plastics are materials with distinctive characteristics, such as ultra-high strength, electrical conductivity, electro-fluorescence, high thermal stability. Plastics are divided not on the basis of their material but on its properties and applications. The global market for carbon fiber reached $1.8 billion in 2014, and further the market is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 11.4%, to reach $3.5 billion in 2020. Carbon fiber reinforced plastic market reached $17.3 billion in 2014, and further the market is expected to grow at a five-year CAGR (2015 to 2020) of 12.3%, to reach $34.2 billion in 2020. The competition in the global carbon fiber and carbon fiber reinforced plastic market is intense within a few large players, such as Toray Toho, Mitsubishi, Hexcel, Formosa, SGL carbon, Cytec, Aksa, Hyosung, Sabic, etc.

  • Track 6-1Process modelling and simulation
  • Track 6-2Fiber, films and membranes
  • Track 6-3Engineering polymers
  • Track 6-4Polymer membranes for environments and energy
  • Track 6-5Polymer surface and interface
  • Track 6-6Polymer characterization
  • Track 6-7Polymeric gels and networks
  • Track 6-8Polymeric catalysts
  • Track 6-9Elastomers and thermoplastic elastomers
  • Track 6-10Rheology and rheometry
  • Track 6-11Extrusion and extrusion processes
  • Track 6-12Polymer blends and alloys
  • Track 6-13Hybrid polymer-based materials
  • Track 6-14Neat polymeric materials
  • Track 6-15Neat polymeric materials
  • Track 6-16Polymeric biomaterials

For any electronic device to operate well, electrical current must be efficiently controlled by switching devices, which becomes challenging as systems approach very small dimensions. This problem must be addressed by synthesizing materials that permit reliable turn-on and turn-off of current at any size scale. New electronic and photonic nanomaterials assure dramatic breakthroughs in communications, computing devices and solid-state lighting. Current research involves bulk crystal growth, organic semiconductors, thin film and nanostructure growth, and soft lithography. Several of the major photonics companies in the world views on different technologies and opinions about future challenges for manufacturers and integrators of lasers and photonics products. The silicon photonics market is anticipated to grow to $497.53 million by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 27.74% from 2014 to 2020. The silicon carbide semiconductor market is estimated to grow $3182.89 Million by 2020, at an expected CAGR of 42.03% from 2014 to 2020.


  • Track 7-1Film Dosimetry and Image Analysis
  • Track 7-2Electromagnetic radiation
  • Track 7-3Optical properties of metals and non-metals
  • Track 7-4Photoconductivity
  • Track 7-5Optical communications and networking
  • Track 7-6Lasers
  • Track 7-7Optical devices
  • Track 7-8Quantum science and technology
  • Track 7-9Spintronics
  • Track 7-10Photonic devices and applications
  • Track 7-11Domains and hysteresis
  • Track 7-12Magnetic Storage
  • Track 7-13Semiconductor materials
  • Track 7-14Fabrication of intigrated circuits
  • Track 7-15Semiconductor devices
  • Track 7-16Soft magnetic materials
  • Track 7-17Hard magnetic materials
  • Track 7-18Dieletric materials
  • Track 7-19Electronic and ionic conduction
  • Track 7-20Ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity
  • Track 7-21Superconductivity
  • Track 7-22Emerging Smart Materials

Ability of a nation to harness nature as well as its ability to cope up with the challenges posed by it is determined by its complete knowledge of materials and its ability to develop and produce them for various applications. Advanced Materials are at the heart of many technological developments that touch our lives. Electronic materials for communication and information technology, optical fibers, laser fibers sensors for intelligent environment, energy materials for renewable energy and environment, light alloys for better transportation, materials for strategic applications and more. Advance materials have a wider role to play in the upcoming future years because of its multiple uses and can be of a greater help for whole humanity. The global market for conformal coating on electronics market the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7% from 2015 to 2020. The global market for polyurethanes has been growing at a CAGR (2016-2021) of 6.9%, driven by various application industries, such as, automotive; bedding and furniture; building and construction; packaging; electronics and footwear. In 2015, Asia-Pacific dominated the global polyurethanes market, followed by Europe and North America. BASF, Bayer, Dow Chemical, Mitsui Chemicals, Nippon Polyurethanes, Trelleborg, Woodbridge are some of the major manufacturers of polyurethanes across regions.

  • Track 8-1Quantum dots
  • Track 8-2Piezoelectric materials
  • Track 8-3Photovoltaics, fuel cells and solar cells
  • Track 8-4Energy storage device
  • Track 8-5Development and characterization of multifunctional materials
  • Track 8-6Electrochromic materials
  • Track 8-7Novel nano and micro-devices
  • Track 8-8Design and theory of smart surfaces
  • Track 8-9MEMS and NEMS devices and applications
  • Track 8-10Sensing and actuation
  • Track 8-11Structural health monitoring
  • Track 8-12Smart biomaterials
  • Track 8-13Smart building materials and structures
  • Track 8-14Architecture and cultural heritage
  • Track 8-15Smart robots
  • Track 8-16Smart materials in drug delivery systems
  • Track 8-17Sensors and smart structures technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace systems
  • Track 8-18Thin films and thick films
  • Track 8-19Semiconductors and superconductors

Materials Chemistry provides the loop between atomic, molecular and supermolecular behaviour and the useful properties of a material. It lies at the core of numerous chemical-using industries. This deals with the atomic nuclei of the materials, and how they are arranged to provide molecules, crystals, etc. Much of properties of electrical, magnetic particles and chemical materials evolve from this level of structure. The length scales involved are in angstroms. The way in which the atoms and molecules are bonded and organized is fundamental to studying the properties and behaviour of any material. The forecast for R&D growth in the chemical and advanced materials industry indicates the improving global economy and the key markets the industry serves. U.S. R&D splurging in chemicals and advanced materials is forecast to grow by 3.6% to reach $12 billion in 2014. Overall global R&D is forecast to expand at a slightly higher 4.7% rate to $45 billion in 2014.


  • Track 9-1 Corrosion prevention
  • Track 9-2Particle physics
  • Track 9-3Nanoscale physics
  • Track 9-4Diffusion in materials
  • Track 9-5Dislocations and strengthening mechanisms
  • Track 9-6Analytical chemistry
  • Track 9-7Organic and inorganic Substances
  • Track 9-8Micro and macro molecules
  • Track 9-9Atomic structure and interatomic bonding
  • Track 9-10Phase diagrams
  • Track 9-11Solid state physics
  • Track 9-12Crystal structure of materials and crystal growth techniques
  • Track 9-13 Oxidation
  • Track 9-14Solar physics
  • Track 9-15Green chemistry
  • Track 9-16Catalysis chemistry
  • Track 9-17Condensed matter physics
  • Track 9-18Multifunctional materials and structures
  • Track 9-19Magnetism and superconductivity
  • Track 9-20Atomic structures and defects in materials
  • Track 9-21Atomic structures and defects in materials
  • Track 9-22Corrosion and degradation of materials

Material science plays a important role in metallurgy too. Powder metallurgy is a term covering a wide range of ways in which materials or components are made from metal powders. They can avoid, or greatly reduce, the need to use metal removal processes and can reduce the costs. Pyro metallurgy includes thermal treatment of minerals and metallurgical ores and concentrates to bring about physical and chemical transformations in the materials to enable recovery of valuable metals. A complete knowledge of metallurgy can help us to extract the metal in a more feasible way and can used to a wider range. Global Metallurgy market will develop at a modest 5.4% CAGR from 2014 to 2020. This will result in an increase in the market’s valuation from US$6 bn in 2013 to US$8.7 bn by 2020.  The global market for powder metallurgy parts and powder shipments was 4.3 billion pounds (valued at $20.7 billion) in 2011 and grew to nearly 4.5 billion pounds ($20.5 billion) in 2012. This market is expected to reach 5.4 billion pounds (a value of nearly $26.5 billion) by 2017.

  • Track 10-1Metal forming
  • Track 10-2 Non-destructive testing
  • Track 10-3Corrosion and protection
  • Track 10-4High strength alloys
  • Track 10-5Surface phenomena
  • Track 10-6Solidification
  • Track 10-7Light metals
  • Track 10-8Aluminium, Copper, Lead and Zinc
  • Track 10-9Iron-Carbon alloys
  • Track 10-10Modeling and simulation
  • Track 10-11Foundry technology
  • Track 10-12Precious metals
  • Track 10-13Iron, cast iron and steelmaking
  • Track 10-14Ferrous and non-ferrous metals
  • Track 10-15Alloys systems
  • Track 10-16Powder metallurgy
  • Track 10-17Metallurgical machinery and automation
  • Track 10-18Hydrometallurgy
  • Track 10-19Petroleum machinery and equipment
  • Track 10-20Gasification
  • Track 10-21Materials for Additive Manufacturing

Characterization, when used in materials science, refers to the broader and wider process by which a material's structure and properties are checked and measured. It is a fundamental process in the field of materials science, without which no scientific understanding of engineering materials could be as curtained. Spectroscopy refers to the measurement of radiation intensity as a function of wavelength. Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye.   Characterization and testing of materials is very important before the usage of materials. Proper testing of material can make the material more flexible and durable. Research indicates the global material testing equipment market generated revenues of $510.8 million in 2011, growing at a marginal rate of 3.1% over the previous year. The market is dominated by the ‘big three’ Tier 1 competitors, namely MTS Systems Corporation, Instron Corporation, and Zwick/Roell, while other participants have performed better regionally, such as Tinus Olsen in North America and Shimadzu Corporation in Asia Pacific.

  • Track 11-1Mechanics of materials
  • Track 11-2Scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM, STEM)
  • Track 11-3Optical spectroscopy (Raman, FTIR, ellipsometry, etc.
  • Track 11-4X-ray diffraction (XRD)
  • Track 11-5X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
  • Track 11-6Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
  • Track 11-7Rutherford backscattering
  • Track 11-8Auger electron spectroscopy
  • Track 11-9Sample preparation and analysis of biological materials
  • Track 11-10Sample preparation and nanofabrication
  • Track 11-11Computational models and experiments
  • Track 11-12Micro and macro materials characterisation
  • Track 11-13Ductile damage and fracture
  • Track 11-14Fatigue, reliability and lifetime predictions
  • Track 11-15Failure of quasi-brittle materials
  • Track 11-16Coupled mechanics and biomaterials
  • Track 11-17Contact, friction and mechanics of discrete systems
  • Track 11-18Advanced modelling techniques
  • Track 11-19Elemental analysis
  • Track 11-20Organic analysis
  • Track 11-21Structural analysis
  • Track 11-22Atomic force microscopy (AFM)

Graphene was the first 2D material to be isolated. Graphene and other two-dimensional materials have a long list of unique properties that have made it a hot topic for intense scientific research and the development of technological applications. These also have huge potential in their own right or in combination with Graphene. The extraordinary physical properties of Graphene and other 2D materials have the potential to both enhance existing technologies and also create a range of new applications. Pure Graphene has an exceptionally wide range of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Graphene can also greatly improve the thermal conductivity of a material improving heat dissipation. In applications which require very high electrical conductivity Graphene can either be used by itself or as an additive to other materials. Even in very low concentrations Graphene can greatly enhance the ability of electrical charge to flow in a material. Graphene’s ability to store electrical energy at very high densities is exceptional. This attribute, added to its ability to rapidly charge and discharge, makes it suitable for energy storage applications.


  • Track 12-1Benefits of 2D Materials
  • Track 12-22D materials beyond Graphene
  • Track 12-32D Topological Materials
  • Track 12-4Chemical functionalization of Graphene

Nanostructures deal with objects and structures that are in the 1—100 nm range.  In many materials, atoms or molecules cluster together to form objects at the nanoscale. This leads to interesting electromagnetic, optical and mechanical properties. The term 'nanostructure' is often used when referring to magnetic technology and also applied in case of advanced materials. Microstructure is defined as the structure of a prepared surface or thin foil of material as revealed by a microscope above 25× magnification. It deals with objects from 100 nm to a few cm. Most of the traditional materials (such as metals and ceramics) are micro structured. Macrostructure is the appearance of a material in the scale millimeters to meters—it is the structure of the material as seen with the naked eye. Atomic structure deals with the atoms of the materials and how they are arranged to give structure of molecules, crystalline solids, their characterization, instrumentation etc., and the length scales involved are in angstroms (0.1 nm). The way in which the atoms and molecules are bonded and arranged is fundamental to studying the properties and behavior of any material. Crystallography is the science that examines the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids. Crystallography is very much useful for materials scientists. Polymers display varying degrees of crystallinity and many are completely non-crystalline. Glass, some ceramics, and many natural and inorganic materials are amorphous, not possessing any long-range order in their atomic nuclei. Allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure are termed as Carbon nanotubes (CNTs). These carbon molecules have unusual properties, which are valuable for nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science and technology.

  • Macromolecular chemistry
  • Modern materials chemistry   
  •  Nanostructures      
  •  Microstructure of solids
  •  Atomic structure and bonding
  • Crystallographic materials
  •  Reticular chemistry and frameworks
  •  Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes 



The effects of ultrasound induce certain physical changes like the dispersal of fillers and other components into base polymers (as in the formulation of paints), the encapsulation of inorganic supplements with polymers, changing of particle size in polymer powders, and most important is the welding and cutting of thermoplastics. In contrast, chemical changes can also be created during ultrasonic irradiation as a result of cavitation, and these effects have been used to favor many areas of polymer chemistry. In materials science, the sol-gel conversion is a method for producing solid materials from small molecules. This method is used for the fabrication of metal oxides particularly the oxides of silicon and titanium. The process involves conversion of monomers into a colloidal solution (sol) that acts as the precursor for an integrated network (or gel) of either discrete particles or network polymers. Important precursors are metal alkoxides. Polymers produced under sonication had narrower poly dispersities but higher molecular weights than those produced under normal conditions. The fastness of the polymerization was caused by more efficient dispersion of the catalyst throughout the monomer, leading to a more homogeneous reaction and hence a lower distribution of chain lengths. The electrical and magnetic phenomena alter the properties of materials for better prospective in manufacturing. Plastic fabrication is the design, manufacture and assembly of plastic products through one of a number of methods. 

  1.  Ultrasound usage
  2. Sol-gel conversion
  3. Sonochemistry
  4.  Electric phenomena
  5.  Magnetic phenomena
  6.  Plastics fabrication and uses


Green Polymers is a innovative technology to replace traditional materials with the ecofriendly substances. Polystyrene-Aluminium Chloride: It is used to prepare Ethers from alcohols. Polystyrene AlCl3 is a useful catalyst for synthetic reactions which require both a dehydrating agent and a Lewis acid. Thus, acetals are obtained in good yield by the reaction of aldehyde, alcohol and polymeric AlCl3 in an organic inert solvent. Polymeric super acid catalysts: This polymeric super acid catalysts are obtained by aluminium chloride to Sulfonate Polystyrene.


Nanotechnology has found a vast number of applications in many areas and its market grown at a rapid pace in recent years. This resulted in new horizons in materials science and many exciting new developments. The supply of new nanomaterial’s, form the prerequisite for any further progress in this new area of science and technology. Nanomaterials feature specific properties that are characteristic of these materials and which are based on surface and quantum effects.  The control of composition, size, shape, and morphology of nanomaterials is an essential foundation for the development and application of Nanomaterials and Nano scale devices.


Nanoscience and Molecular Nanotechnology is the new outskirts of science and innovation in Europe and around the globe, working at the size of individual particles. Top researchers and in addition policymakers overall acclaim the advantages it would convey to the whole society and economy a large portion of them demand the key part research would play in the quality creation procedure to create exploitable arrangement of innovations by the European business prompting a decision of remarkable applications, items, markets and productive income sources.


The increasing energy demand due to growing global population and the critical relationship between Energy, environment and sustainability lead to novel discoveries and advancement in the field of Energy Materials in search of alternative resources. The prime requirement to transform feedstock into suitable energy sources is the catalyst for better solar cells and energy storage materials. Energy Materials is making ground breaking developments in the science of materials innovation and production. At present, novel materials are technologically advanced for energy storage and generation. The transformation of Conventional fossil fuel to renewable and sustainable energy sources due to the geophysical and social stress results in the development of Advanced Energy Materials to support emerging technologies. The emerging materials for energy associated application are photovoltaicfuel cells, nanostructured materials, light sources etc. The international EaaS (Energy as a service market) value is likely to be USD 1,116.5 million in 2018 and is estimated to reach USD 7,336.1 million by 2023 at a growing (CAGR) rate of 45.72% from 2018 to 2023. The foremost drivers are growing energy consumption, price instability and emerging potential of renewable energy resources.

  • Nonrenewable energy sources
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Advanced electronic materials
  • Advanced engineering materials
  • Energy technology
  • Energy conversions and sustainability
  • Nanoporous material